|Charles Nodier (1780-1844)
was a writer and librarian who, in 1824, was appointed to the librarianship of the Bibliotheque de I'Arsenal in
Paris, which became a rallying point for many of the most famous authors of the 1830s: Aloysius Bertrand, Alexandre Dumas, Victor Hugo, Alfred de Musset, Sainte-Beuve,
etc. In 1821, Nodier wrote Smarra ou les Démons de la Nuit (Smarra, or The Demons of the Night), a series of terrifying dream-based tales. In 1820, Nodier wrote the play Lord Ruthven based on the Polidori story.
Smarra, too, was a fantasy
saga, in which a Byronesque hero encountered fairies and vampires, perhaps the first mixture of traditional and
modern fantastic elements under a single cover.